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single-string-slots (PLC0205)#

Derived from the Pylint linter.

What it does#

Checks for single strings assigned to __slots__.

Why is this bad?#

In Python, the __slots__ attribute allows you to explicitly define the attributes (instance variables) that a class can have. By default, Python uses a dictionary to store an object's attributes, which incurs some memory overhead. However, when __slots__ is defined, Python uses a more compact internal structure to store the object's attributes, resulting in memory savings.

Any string iterable may be assigned to __slots__ (most commonly, a tuple of strings). If a string is assigned to __slots__, it is interpreted as a single attribute name, rather than an iterable of attribute names. This can cause confusion, as users that iterate over the __slots__ value may expect to iterate over a sequence of attributes, but would instead iterate over the characters of the string.

To use a single string attribute in __slots__, wrap the string in an iterable container type, like a tuple.


class Person:
    __slots__: str = "name"

    def __init__(self, name: str) -> None: = name

Use instead:

class Person:
    __slots__: tuple[str, ...] = ("name",)

    def __init__(self, name: str) -> None: = name