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literal-membership (PLR6201)#

Derived from the Pylint linter.

Fix is always available.

This rule is unstable and in preview. The --preview flag is required for use.

What it does#

Checks for membership tests on list and tuple literals.

Why is this bad?#

When testing for membership in a static sequence, prefer a set literal over a list or tuple, as Python optimizes set membership tests.


1 in [1, 2, 3]

Use instead:

1 in {1, 2, 3}

Fix safety#

This rule's fix is marked as unsafe, as the use of a set literal will error at runtime if the sequence contains unhashable elements (like lists or dictionaries). While Ruff will attempt to infer the hashability of the elements, it may not always be able to do so.